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Pendulum or Codman's exercise

Hi, welcome to all of physio's helping hand (physiogk) family in my new blog post that is about Pendulum or Codman's exercise. If this blog will help you in any manner then please like and share it with your friend and also don't forget to give your feedback in the comment section.

what is codman's exercise | pendulum exercise
Pendulum or Codman's exercise

In this blog, firstly we will know about pendulum exercises, after that we will discuss how to answer its question in the exam.

If you have no idea about books and syllabus of 1st years physiotherapy, you may read our blog 1st YEARS PHYSIOTHERAPY SYLLABUS AND BOOKS and you can also read our previous blog, in which I have described all about suspension therapy and its previous year's questions.



It is self-mobilization techniques that use the effects of gravity to distract the humerus from the glenoid fossa and gentle pendulum motions to move the joint surfaces.

Patient position -

  • Standing, with the trunk flexed at the hips about 90.

  • The arm hangs loosely downward in a position between 60 and 90 flexion or scaption.

Muscles worked:-

  1. During non-Weight-Bearing Pendulum Exercise:- Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Subscapularis, And Teres Minor.

  2. During Weight-Bearing Pendulum Exercises:- Deltoid, Infraspinatus, Supraspinatus, Upper Trapezius.

Equipment needed:-

  • Table or bed

  • Dumbbell, or wrist weight (for weighted Pendulum exercise).

How to perform pendulum exercise | Codman's exercise procedure

  • A pendulum or swinging motion of the arm is initiated by having the patient move the trunk slightly back and forth. Motions of flexion, extension, horizontal abduction, adduction, and circumduction can be done. Increase the arc of motion as tolerated. This technique should not cause pain.

  • The patient can hold on to a solid structure or lie prone on a table If the patient is unable to maintain balance while leaning over.

  • The patient can lie prone on couch or table if they experience any back pain from bending over.

  • Adding a weight to the hand or using wrist cuffs causes a greater distraction force on the GH joint. Weights should be used only when

    • joint stretching maneuvers are indicated late in the subacute and chronic stages

    • Scapula is stabilized by the therapist or a belt is placed around the thorax and scapula so the stretch force is directed to the joint, not the soft tissue of the scapulothoracic region

Indications of pendulum exercises:-

  • Rotator cuff tears

  • Adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder)

  • Labral tears

  • Collarbone fractures

  • Shoulder dislocations


  • If a patient gets dizzy when standing upright after being bent over, have the patient sit and rest.

  • With increased pain or decreased ROM, the technique may be an inappropriate choice.

  • Pendulum exercises are also inappropriate for a patient with peripheral edema.

Question Ask In Previous Years

  • Questions asked in the exam are like Explain Codman's exercise or what is pendulum exercise and generally, these questions are of 5 marks and asked in both 1st and 2nd-year exam.

  • You can answer this question by following our blog subheading, for example, 1st write an intro. or definition after that position of patient and so on...

  • Some students confuse in codmen paradox and codmen's exercise and they treat both as the same question but both are different. We will discuss it in the next blog post.

Thank you

Physio's Helping Hand

(रहे हमेशा आपके संग)


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985 views1 comment

1 Comment

It's to good contained. But if u set more systematic that's easy to find. But still it's very good consept thanks for that also there are lots of MCQ that's very much needed

bcoz of thare is a lots of questions answer ,its help very much to crack neet PG .and tha format of ans also help to write in exam and prectical. 🙏🙏


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